Sun, 26 Jan 2020
    UNIVERSITAS NAHDLATUL ULAMA SURAKARTA
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  E-JURNAL
 
DAFTAR JURNAL
  Volume 16
    Nomor 46
     
PERKAWINAN SIRI DAN AKIBAT HUKUMNYA DALAM HUKUM PERDATA ISLAM DI INDONESIA
Penulis : Ngazis Masturi, 2019-08-27, ISSN : 1693-7201, 14 Hal
Marriage is an inner bond between a man and a woman as husband and wife. While what is meant by inner bonding is a relationship that cannot be seen or seen, but inner bonding is an important bond so that the bond is stronger. Legitimate marriages are marriages that are carried out according to their respective religions and beliefs according to Article 2 paragraph (1) of the Marriage Law. However, some academics and legal practitioners are of the opinion that whether a marriage is according to positive law in Indonesia is also required by whether or not the registration is recorded in the KUA (for Muslims) or the Civil Registry Office (for non-Muslims). Sirri marriage is a marriage conducted by a couple without any notice (recorded) at the Office of Religious Affairs (KUA). Meanwhile, in the sense of society, Sirri marriage is often referred to as "marriage under the hand". Sirri marriage / marriage under the hand brings a negative impact, which has no legal force, its existence is not recognized according to the Law because the implementation of Sirri marriage is contrary to State norms and methods namely Law No. 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage.

Keywords: Siri Marriage, Consequences, Law, Islamic Civil

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PARADIGMA ILMU DALAM URGENSITAS PENDIDIKAN ISLAM PERSPEKTIF HADIST
Penulis : Hj. Lilis Patimah, 2019-08-27, ISSN : 1693-7201, 16 Hal
The hadiths of Nabi Muhammad SAW have been contained in various standard hadith books which are known by the term al-pole al-tis'ah and have been circulating among the public at large. In the book found many terms that talk about issues of science and education. This proves that the hadiths of knowledge or education contained in these books are very numerous. Hadiths related to science are found in various books of Hadith references (al-polar altis’ah). These hadiths need to be tested for the validity of their validity and then they are also debated (analyzed) with various methods available to determine their contents in their entirety and comprehensively. Thus the urgency of the position of science in the perspective of the hadith, then in the books of the hadith there is a special theme of science called the word al-science. Even according to searches in the hadith dictionary, mu'jam al-mufahras li al-fadz al-hadith alnabawiyyah found information that approximately 822 hadiths use the word science, besides that there are also the words tarbiyah, ta'dib, and lafadz-lafadz others related to education, for example al-aql, al-fiqr, wisdom. More than that, the theme of education can also be analyzed from lafadz fitrah. (A. J. Wensick;1936: 312-338). Yet again when the contemplation of other Hadiths is focused on the use of the word alaql, alfiqr, alhikamah all of which are related to the problem of science, of course the number is increasing. Indeed, in the history of the prophet it is known that he always teaches his friends about various sciences in his daily life. He delivered his teachings on various sciences formally through a science council forum, besides that he also delivered knowledge informally through informal meetings so that it was understood that Nabi Muhammad SAW had, during his life, paid special attention to the problem of science. The prophet's response and stimulus to the problem of science, at least can be seen from his hadiths that use science with a very high frequency.

Keywoards : Hadith, the urgency of the position of science

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PANCASILA SEBAGAI IDEOLOGI DAN GRUNDNORM TATA HUKUM NEGARA INDONESIA
Penulis : SUPARNYO SH MH, 2019-08-27, ISSN : 1693-7201, 16 Hal
History has revealed that Pancasila is the soul of all the people of Indonesia, which gives life force to the Indonesian people and guides it in the pursuit of a better inner and outer life, in a just and prosperous Indonesian society. Pancasila was not born suddenly in 1945, but through a long process based on the history of the struggle of the nation by seeing the experience of other nations inspired by the great ideas of the world, while still rooted in the personalities and great ideas of the nation itself. Pancasila is a view of life rooted in the nation's personality, so it is accepted as the basis of the State that governs state life. This is evident in history even though it is stated in a somewhat different formula. It was said by Van Deventer that Dutch prosperity was obtained because of the work and services of the Indonesians, the Dutch were indebted to the people of the Dutch East Indies and had to pay for it by holding Trias. Nationalism as a State Nation or nation-state, until the XX century there was no state of Indonesia. Pancasila has a juridical position as the basis of the state since August 18, 1945 which coincided with the enactment of the 1945 Constitution in the news of the Republic of Indonesia Year II No 7 by PPKI. Because, formally Pancasila obtained a constitutional juridical position in the opening of the 1945 Constitution the fourth paragraph. And on October 1 is celebrated as the day of the magic of Pancasila. the legal system is a ladder system with tiered rules where the lowest legal norms must hold to the higher legal norms, and the highest legal norms (such as the constitution) must hold to the most fundamental legal norms (grundnorm). According to Kelsen, the most basic legal norm (grundnorm) is not concrete (abstract) as an example of the most basic abstract legal norm is Pancasila.

Keyword: Pancasila, Ideologi, Grundnorm

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PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM TERHADAP HUTAN DARI KEGIATAN PEMBALAKAN LIAR
Penulis : Sutrisno SH M.Hum, 2019-08-27, ISSN : 1693-7201, 14 Hal
Enforcement and legal protection against illegal logging needs serious handling from the central and regional governments. Substance, structure and culture are the causes of logging, including the inconsistency of authorities in forestry, industry and the gap between the needs and availability of wood in the forest and corruption. Forest as an ecosystem does not only store natural resources in the form of wood, but there are still many non-timber potentials that can be utilized by the community through the cultivation of agricultural crops on forest land. As a function of the forest ecosystem, it plays a very important role in various matters such as water supply providers, oxygen producers, a place to live for millions of flora and fauna, and the role of environmental balancer, and to prevent global warming. As a function of providing water for forest life is one of the most important areas, this is because the forest is a place where millions of plants grow.

Keywords : Law Enforcement, Forest Logging

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METODE PEMBENTUKAN AKHLAK PADA SISWA
Penulis : Ridwan Abdul Wahab, 2019-08-27, ISSN : 1693-7201, 12 Hal
In general, humans are easily affected by the environment, especially when their souls are unstable, chaotic, lack of education, poor, or in a state of panic. Likewise, children, given their young age, lack of experience, and less education, because their thinking is not yet critical and their development is not yet perfect. Such circumstances can affect the child's personality leading to the bad. If an educator finds his child has a personality that is not good, then the educator is obliged to align his personality in accordance with the teachings of Islam and the goals of educators. If not straightened and allowed to harm the development of personal personality and way of thinking and forming himself later. In an effort to straighten this personality can be done by dialogue, by giving examples, advice, and so on. Thus the attitude and behavior that is not good that will not be liked. Thus teaching morality in children's self-development plays an important role in fostering good deeds and attitudes away from actions that are prohibited by Allah SWT, as exemplified by the Prophet Muhammad SAW since the age of children.

Keywords : education, child's personality, morality

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PENGARUH INDEPENDENSI, KOMPETENSI, DAN PENGALAMAN AUDITOR TERHADAP KUALITAS AUDIT PADA KANTOR AKUNTAN PUBLIK
Penulis : Siti Zulaikhah, 2019-08-27, ISSN : 1693-7201, 12 Hal
This researchaims to analyze and give an empirical proof of independence, competence and experience provided by auditor in the Public Accounting Office on the audit quality. Samples used are as many as 50 respondents, they are auditors who work at 4 Public Accounting Offices in Surakarta City and 13 Public Accounting Offices in Yogyakarta city. To answer the research hypothesis, descriptive statistics, validity and reliability tests, classical assumption test, normality test, multi-colinearity test, Heteroskedasticity test, hypothesis test, and multiple regression analysis were used. Based on the results of the research, it can be concluded that Independence, Competence and Experiencein performing audithave a positive influence on the audit quality. Independenceis an attitude that absolutely must be owned by an auditorto not having a personal interest in performing his/her task, which is contrary with the principles of integrity and objectiveness. An auditor who has a sufficient competencewill be understand and know more many kinds of problem more deeply and easier in adapting to the more complex development in his/her client audit environment. Experience is an important attribute that must be owned by an auditor. It is proved by the level of mistake made by an auditor who has less experience that an experienced auditor. Therefore, the more independent and the wider the knowledge of an auditor as well as the more experienced in the auditing field, the better the audit qualityis.

Keywords: The audit quality, Competence, Independence, Experience.

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ANALISIS PEMBIAYAAN MUDHARABAH, MUSYARAKAH DAN MURABAHAH PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS BANK UMUM SYARIAH DI INDONESIA TAHUN 2017
Penulis : Suranto, 2019-08-27, ISSN : 1693-7201, 10 Hal
The study aims to determine the analysis of mudharabah, musyarakah and murabaha financing effects on the profitability of Islamic commercial banks in Indonesia by using the Return on Assets (ROA) ratio. The research method uses a descriptive quantitative research approach with case studies at Islamic Commercial Banks in Indonesia. The data used in this study are secondary data based on the results of quarterly financial reports of Sharia Commercial Banks which include BNI Syariah, Mega Syariah Banks, BRI Syariah, Banks and Muamalat during the 2017 period. Sources of data were obtained through the publication of related Sharia Commercial Banks and through the website www.bi, go.id.
In this study using multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that murabaha and musyarakah financing had a significant influence on the level of ROA, while mudharabah financing had a positive and significant effect on the ROA level partially. Simultaneously, murabaha, mudharabah and musyarakah financing show a significant influence on the level of ROA. Mudharabah financing is the most dominant profit-sharing financing affecting ROA levels.

Keywords: murabahah financing, musyarakah financing, mudharabah financing, profitability, return on assets, Islamic commercial banks

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